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Facts about Oil

First facts about oil production are observed in Greek Mythology. In his records medieval Italian traveler Marco Polo describes Georgia extracting and exporting oily substance (oil) used by inhabitants for household (fuel, lubricant, and lighting) as well as treatment purposes.
 

In the past oil was produced unprofessionally in small quantities only in the areas with surface oil leakage (pits).In the second half of the 19th century oil industrial production was initiated at low depth drilled wells in some Kakheti regions (Mirzaani, Shiraki, Eldari) with up to 2000 t of annual production.
For the oil extraction operations were conducted without prior geological investigations of the oil fields and the unprofessional methods applied were unsuccessful to develop the fields to the full extent, it was impossible to increase scale of production.   Regular investigations to estimate oil and gas resources, drilling operations to discover  wells  and oil production was launched in 20s of the last century following the forming of special enterprise  Saknavtobi.
 

During last 70-80 years a number of exploration works were carried out (geological-geophysical investigations, core and long hole drilling). As a result 1 gas, 1 gas and oil and 16 oil fields were discovered.
In 30s and 60s oil production operations were conducted at 7 small fields (Mirzaani, Patara Shiraki, Supsa, Norio, Satskhenisi, Taribana and East Chaladidi) with annual production ranging between 22-25 thousand tons.

The first half of 70s and 80s is the most remarkable and successful stage in oil production history in our country.During that period several prolific oil fields (Samgori-Patardzeuli-Ninotsminda, Samgori East Dome, Teleti)   were discovered at the territory nearby Tbilisi, considerably increasing oil production after they became operational.

The maximum oil output of 3.2-3.3 tons was observed in 1980-1983. Since that period oil production has been dramatically decreased and the annual production varies between 60-140 tons, since the new fields are not discovered for some objective or nonobjective reasons and the production rate at the already existing fields reduces, due to general developments.

During last 10-15 years foreign oil companies started operating in Georgia after concluding PSAs with the government.Although these companies have already carried out significant exploration works at their licensed territories (Anadarko - Black Sea shelf, CanArgo - Tbilisi adjacent area, Frontera - Kakheti region) new fields have not been discovered yet, despite the promising geological examinations.

 

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