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Electric Power Market Rules
According to the electric power marker rules, the license carriers of electric power sector make short term (one year) or long term (5 years) direct contracts on sale and purchase. The contracts are made between the customer and the producer, while the contract on the balance capacity purchase is made with the commercial operator.
The purchaser is obliged to have reserve power amounted to 10% of its utilized power (minimum 5% of this amount should be supplied by local sources. ) for ensuring energy security of the country. It is possible to supply the reserve power by direct contract, private sources or commercial operator.

10% quota of the years 2013-2015 is to be completely supplied by local sources. 2016-2019 required reserve quota will be raised to 15%, which will have to be fully supplied by local sources.   The balanced electric power trade is carried out by the commercial operator. The commercial operator balances the difference between the actual consumption and the amount of the electric power specified by the direct contract between customers and producers.

The electric power trading is carried out by the commercial operator in two ways. First way is either the unplanned over consumption or when the direct contract is not made. In this case the customer automatically purchases the electric power from the commercial operator.

According to the second variant the commercial operator and the customer make a contract, which doesn't specify either the amount or the price of the required electric power.After each concrete request the sides offer the prices acceptable for them, in this case the trading is carried out in the so-called electric power exchange format, which doesn't affect the consumer tariff. The system's commercial operator renders services according to the tariffs established by GNERC (Georgian National Electricity Regulatory Commission). Note, that the customer is able to purchase the balanced electric power not just from the commercial operator but also by the direct contract.
The limitations are set for the direct consumers. The direct consumers' statuse  shall be accepted only by the organizations, which consume 7 million kilowatt-hours per year.

According to the paragraph 493  of the law about `Electroenergy and Natural Gas`, since August 2008 there was fully deregulation of the hydro electrical stations built after August 1, 2008.  They have a right to trade the electric power  with free (deregulated) tariffs. 

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